The latest report by the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) shows a continued high rate of civilian casualties for 2015. The main cause is ground engagements. The figures from the first quarter of 2015 is not a good sign of the civilian casualties (CIVCAS) projected to occur during the 2015 fighting season (which is probably just kicking off now). In the first three months of 2015 civilian casualties rose by eight per cent compared to the same period in 2014. Ground fighting between Pro-Government Forces and Anti-Government Elements (UN terminology) caused 521 civilian casualties. Read the UNANA news release (April 12, 2015).