The RAND Corporation has published a paper that assesses the effectiveness of the Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP) in Afghanistan. The study was focused on the time frame of 2010-2013 when CERP was used to support tactical operations in the Afghan counterinsurgency campaign. The paper describes CERP's origins, history, and existing research on the utility of CERP in Afghanistan. Over 200 military personnel who were associated with CERP were interviewed. Some believe that CERP played an important and productive role; while others criticized the program as holding back Afghan governmental institutions from developing.