In a sign that progress is being made in the development of the Afghan National Army (ANA) into a professional military the Afghanistan Ministry of Defense will take the lead on SPECTRUM - a critical Command and Control (C2) responsibility. A memorandum of understanding (MOU) recently signed states that Afghanistan communication units will lead the way in effectively targeting insurgents and ensures special operations will continue to be conducted with full respect for Afghan sovereignty, Afghan law, and the Afghan constitution. The MOU moves forward the process where the Afghan military will successfully command and control the development of the Ministerial Spectrum Management Office (MSMO) and the transfer of the spectrum management authority from ISAF to MSMO. SPECTRUM XXI is a client/server, Window-based software system that provides frequency managers with a single info system to address spectrum management automation requirements. Read the full story by Capt. Nicole White from Resolute Support HQs in "ANSF takes lead on SPECTRUM Management Program", RS News, December 29, 2014.